Background materials

Previous evaluations and reviews

  • Nepal Earthquake Appeal -Response Review [DEC/HC 2015]: The Nepal Earthquake Appeal Response Review, commissioned by the DEC and Canada’s Humanitarian Coalition, analyses the work of DEC member agencies in Nepal following a visit in August 2015. After talking to communities affected, DEC partner organisations, government and the humanitarian community, the review team made ten recommendations to help DEC member agencies more effectively respond during the next phase. The review also explores the innovations agencies are using to overcome the challenges of the response.
  • Agire Evaluation [Agire 2015]. The evaluation of the response AGIRE coalition (the Italian equivalent of the HC). It looks at the response through the lenses of the Core Humanitarian Standards.
  • Response after Nepal: how can we make it better? [Humanitarian Networks and Partnership Week, 2016]. A comprehensive analysis of some 30 UN-agency, NGO and private sector After-Action Review reports on the 2015 Nepal earthquake response and extracted cross-cutting issues, representing both common challenges and shared successes.

Situation reports and assessments

  • Joint Assessment of Food Security, Livelihoods and Early Recovery. This joint assessment, conducted over the course of September and October 2015, was designed both as a monitoring exercise and to further inform broader early recovery efforts identified as priorities in the Post-Disaster Needs Assessment, including food security, livelihoods, agriculture, service access and protection.


Inclusion in the response (with a focus on gender)


  • Gender working group. Inter Cluster Gender Working Group (GWG) is providing an inter-cluster coordination mechanism to raise gender equality issues and support the realisation of gender responsive programming in the work of clusters/sectors throughout the humanitarian action phase, as well as to enhance cross-learning of good practices across clusters.
  • Gender Based Violence sub-cluster. The GBV subcluster of the Protection Cluster is chair by the Department of Women and Children (DWC), and co-lead by UNFPA. The GBV subcluster leads all efforts at national and district level to promote immediate prevention and response to gender based violence (GBV).


  •  Waiting for Justice. Report of Initial Findings from Immediate Needs Assessment and Monitoring Responses towards Affected Dalit Communities in Nepal Earthquake 2015



Other resources

  • INCRISD .  INCRISD South Asia (Inclusive Community Resilience for Sustainable Disaster Risk Management) is an action research, capacity building and policy advocacy project. It  aims at building safer, more resilient communities in South Asia by evidence-based inclusive approaches to Disaster Risk Management (DRM) through a multi-stakeholders’ engagement.

Accountability to affected people

  • Ground Truth Solutions, Nepal. The overarching goal is to give people affected by the earthquake a voice, and allowing them to influence implementation of the humanitarian programming.
  • #quakeHELPDESK. The Mobile Citizen Helpdesks are a resource to monitor and improve the Nepal earthquake response. The initiative  ensure public accountability in Nepal’s earthquake relief efforts while providing a platform for affected communities, emergency responders, and volunteers to report gaps at the last mile. The idea in the long term is to monitor the response as a whole, evaluate spending and resource mobilization at the hyper-local level, and help individuals and communities solve specific problems on an as-needed basis. In this way, accountability can be built from the bottom-up over time. The project has three main components: the Mobile Citizen Helpdesks, 1234 hotline and 4000 SMS short-code reporting systems, and financial aid tracking mechanisms.
  • Communicating with communities working group. Community Engagement involves a two-way communication process, a dialogue between responders and affected communities and  their community partners.  The site of the working group contains documents and links documenting progress on this.
  • The listen learnt act project  DanChurchAid, Save the Children and Ground Truth Solutions (Keystone Accountability) have embarked on an exciting global quality and accountability project, to be piloted in four countries (Mali, Nepal, South Sudan and the Syria response in Lebanon). With a serious commitment to quality and accountability for disaster-affected populations, and with ECHO’s support, theListen Learn Act project will reinforce the roll-out of the Core Humanitarian Standard (CHS).