|Targeted small traders will restart their business and improve availability of goods needed in their communities||Small trader support for local market revival- At least 150 traders will restock and restart their small business in the post-monsoon period|
|Targeted households have improved access to food during the monsoon period and reduced asset loss over time||Food assistance transfer (cash value, voucher or in-kind)– At least 1200 households are supported with emergency food assistance to support restocking prior to the monsoon|
|Cash-for-Work activities for community rehabilitation– At least 1200 households (x1 member each) will receive temporary income and contribute to community rebuilding projects|
Through subsequent needs assessments and coordination with the cluster system, the Plan Nepal team identified Sindhupalchowak as a response priority, given the scale of destruction. Shelter was identified as an immediate need as 99% (66,636) of homes in the district were flattened and heavy rains and landslides due to the monsoon season had limited access and delayed relief distributions to the district.
Plan modified its response plan and relief activities and in the end did not provide the WASH activities identified at the beginning of the emergency.
Due to cost savings, Plan has been able to increase the number of households receiving shelter kits and technical expertise training on how to use shelter kits by 1,150 households. Plan initially targeted 13 village development committees (VDCs) for project implementation, however, through coordination with
the cluster this was reduced to 8 VDCs.
Activities (from 29 May to 30th April):
- Distribution of 4,800 recovery shelter kits, and non-food items (blankets, mosquito nets, and sleeping mattresses), benefiting 24,000 (previously 18,250) individuals.
- Delivery of technical expertise and training to 4,800 (previously 3,650) affected households on how to use shelter kits and construct their recovery shelter.
- Earthquake safety construction skill training for 240 (previously 390) masons, construction technicians and the community.
- Continued coordination with other agencies responding in the field is important to ensure there is no duplication of efforts in areas of intervention and sectors
- It is important to have coordination between the country office and field teams in order to resolve programme issues and delays effectively and efficiently
- Beneficiaries should be involved from the planning stage of the project. It is important to monitor and closely discuss the beneficiary selection process with community representatives
- During the planning stage it is important to allocate additional time to run programming in remote areas which are harder to access
- Distribution of NFI’s should only happen when the final list of beneficiaries is agreed upon by everyone, including stakeholders
- Targeting criteria for selection of beneficiaries should be clearly defined in collaboration with the community and communicated clearly to the rest of the community
- It is best to avoid lengthy delays in procurement. Distribution of items should only take place when all items are in stock and distribution timelines should take into account the difficulty of transporting items to remote areas
Activities from 25 April to 25 December 2015
CARE’s project provided immediate relief to a total of 32, 715 earthquake survivors through Shelter, Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH), and Gender Based Violence (GBV) Interventions.
Procurement, assembly and delivery of 500 emergency pit latrines
CARE Nepal procured a total of 172 sets of latrine construction kit, latrine cleaning kit, and handwashing kit and 688 additional handwashing and latrine cleaning kits at Kathmandu-level. These sets were assembled at the district level (Sindhupalchowk and Dhading) in coordination with the implementing partners, who also assisted in their distribution
Procurement, assembly and distribution of 2,000 hygiene kits
CARE Nepal procured 3,000 hygiene kits, 125 buckets with lid, and 8,922 soap for handwashing in Gorka, Dhading and Lamjung
Procurement and distribution of 6,000 tarpaulins
CARE Nepal procured and distributed 926 tarpaulins and 209 ropes in Lamjung district and Gorkha.
Conduct rapid gender and protection assessment
A rapid gender analysis has been conducted in each of the four districts in the first three weeks of response. Its findings have been fused in all facets of the beneficiary identification and selection and the determination of relief items such as gender responsive hygiene kits.
Train information volunteers on GBV and protection and awareness-raising activities conducted in communities (Sindhupalchowk and Dhading)
CARE Nepal trained 24 information volunteers, 20 staff members of partner organization, including 4 GBV officers on techniques to deliver GBV messaging on key issues, such as sexual violence/abuse, rape, child marriage, and human trafficking. Issues of citizenship and legal documents were also covered as these necessary for beneficiaries to access benefits and relief services. The information volunteers were also trained to conduct community level focus group discussions with women, men, girls, and boys together or separately, depending on the local cultural context and on referral pathways and ways to provide referral services to GBV survivors.
CARE Nepal also conducted 16 days of activism against Gender Based Violence in Dhading and Sindhupalchowk, from November 25 (International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women) to December 10 (International Human Rights Day).
Further storage bags were not deemed critical to this response since, gradually, children and families in the affected areas have started to move to a more permanent or semi-permanent shelters where storage concerns are less of a critical need.
Additionally, had the bags been procured, there would have been additional delays on the clearance of seed bags across the Indian border which would have likely resulted in further delays to the distribution of the seeds to beneficiaries.
The funds allocated for purchasing seed grain bags were utilised for purchasing additional seeds and as a result Save the Children has been able to reach an additional 8,481 families (Target: 17,726 families, Actual reach: 26,207 families).
Activites (from May 1 to July 15 2015)
Activity 1: Purchase and distribution of improved
rice seed to 17,726 families
Activity 2: Purchase and distribute seed grain
bags to 17,726 families
Gender: Distributions were carried out using targeting criteria and a situation assessment which ensured that marginalised and most deprived people, including girls and women and certain castes were not overlooked or excluded by targeting mechanisms. During the distributions, priority was given to female headed households requesting seed supplies. This is due to the fact that the larger proportion of the beneficiaries comprised of female headed households caused in part by migration of men, from rural communities to urban areas or out of country for employment, leaving women behind to sustain the livelihoods of the families and provide for the care and raising of children.
As identified from the Gender Equality and Social Inclusion (GESI) assessment conducted in early July by SC, marginalised groups including women in particular, had limited inclusion in the Village Development Committee (VDC) beneficiary selection or relief distribution committees. Women expressed that they were discouraged from participating in the selection committees due to illiteracy and were given no voice in decision making with regards to relief distribution at the VDC level. In order to address this issue, SC continues to work to include women’s and other marginalized group’s participation in planning and distribution of humanitarian assistance in disaster as well as recovery and reconstruction planning. SC will work to ensure greater consultation structures and stronger engagement with women’s organizations prior to carrying out distributions. SC will also continue to ensure that the GESI policy is integrated into all programming and is rolled out to partners and SC staff for ensuring programmes are implemented on the basis of different needs of women, girls, boys and men in emergencies.
Accountability to beneficiaries: Prior to the distribution of seeds, information was disseminated with the communities regarding the beneficiary selection criteria, the complaints mechanisms and processes, details of the seeds and of distribution dates and documentation requirements for beneficiaries. Additionally, information was shared at each VDC regarding the quantity of distributions per household.
In line with SC’s Monitoring, Evaluation, Accountability and Learning standards, SC carried out programme monitoring through the establishment of reporting mechanisms to ensure that communities receiving the seeds were able to provide feedback or complaints on the distributions (process and content). The feedback was collected through a complaint reporting process which was explained to communities at the time of distribution. All complaints raised were subsequently followed up on and action was taken to address the concerns. All the complaints received regarding seeds distribution related to clarifications on the beneficiary selection criteria. SC noted lower participation and feedback from marginalised groups including women and children, and so to ensure that they are equally included and able to participate in these feedback mechanisms, SC has returned to the communities where distributions took place conducting separate consultations to gather additional information and feedback.
A general Post Distribution Monitoring exercise is currently ongoing in the districts and VDCs where seeds where distributed to gather additional information on perceptions of the distribution.